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2011湖南高考英语试题及答案

2011-06-25 20:16:01 浏览:438577

2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)

英语试题

Part Language Knowledge(45 marks

Section A (15 marks)

DirectionsFor each of the following unfinished sentences there are four choices marked A, B ,C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

Example:

The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket _______ the desert.

A. covering         B. covered          C. cover         D. to cover 

The answer is A.

21. The ability _______ an idea is as important as the idea itself.

A. expressing       B. expressed         C. to express      D. to be expressed

22. -----Joan, what _______ in your hand?

   -----Look! It’s a birthday gift for my grandma.

A. had you held                   B. are you holding

C. do you hold                    D. will you hold

23. The players _______ from the whole country are  expected to bring us honor in this summer game.

A. selecting         B. to select         C. selected        D. having selected

24. I knew that ______ would over discourage him, he would never give up wanting to be a director

A. something           B. anything              C. everything              D. nothing

25. Julia was good at German, French and Russian, all of _______ she spoke fluently.

A. who            B. whom           C. which          D. that

26. One-third of the country _______ covered with trees and the majority of the citizens _______ black people.

A. is; are          B. is; is             C. are; are          D. are; is

27. In 1492, Columbus _______ on one of the Bahama Islands, but the mistook is for an island off India.

A. lands           B. landed            C. has landed        D. had landed

28. -----No one _______ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball.

----Oh, you are really his big fan.

A. can            B. need               C. must            D. might

29. Do you wake up every morning _______ energetic and ready to start a new day?

A. feel            B. to feel              C. feeling          D. felt

30. It is most instructive lecture that I _______ since I came to this school.

A. attended        B. had attended         C. am attending     D. have attended

31. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious _______ the problem itself is.

A. what           B. that                C. which           D. why

32. Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours _______ a decision.

A. they reached     B. did they reach        C. they reach       D. do they reach

33. Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______ he had done something very clever.

A. as if            B. in case              C. while          D. though

34. In the near future, more advances in the robot technology _______ by science.

A. are making      B. are made             C. will make      D. will be made

35. It’s not what we do once in a while _______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently.

A. which           B. that               C. how           D. when

Section B (18 marks)

DirectionsFor each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the words or phrases that best fits the context.

People in communities have slowly been pushed apart through the years, mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “hello.” After considering this phenomenon, I decided I was going to   36   the way I was doing things.

My  37  came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who   38 her books out of her locker. Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. However, when I had to   39   because I stupidly forgot my book, I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself. No one h ad stopped to   40   her.

“OK,” I thought to myself, “this is where I should have changed.”

My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man   41  by himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a  42  . It was difficult to get started, and even when I had to say goodbye, almost every  43  from my new friend had a tone (语气) of doubt in it. And who could blame him?

People aren’t used to making an  44   chat with a stranger. But a change, no matter how  45  it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it possible. I  46  you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little brighter. Together, we can really make society come   47  as a whole.

36. A. change          B. explain            C. learn            D. show

37. A. trouble          B. doubt             C. wish             D. opportunity

38. A. took            B. dropped           C. got              D. pulled

39. A. come out        B. stand by           C. go back          D. turn up    

40. A. please          B. greet              C. help             D. praise     

41. A. sitting          B. walking            C. riding           D. running  

42. A. discussing       B. lesson             C. report           D. conversation    

43. A. joke            B. response           C. cry             D. story   

44. A. unchangeable     B. unprepared         C. unforgettable     D. unfinished    

45. A. desperately       B. frequently         C. simply          D.  widely

46. A. allow           B. warm              C. order           D. advise

47. A. later            B. straighter           C. closer          D. slower

Section C (12marks)

Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each black with one word that best fits the context.

Dose going to college really pay off? Certainly!

I remember taking 48______ English class in college on the short story. Our first assignment was to read 49_____ short stories and then discuss which one was better. After reading both, I wasn’t sure. Over the 50______ several months, my professor taught me 51______ one story was so much better than the other. 52_________ was rich in metaphor(隐喻)and character development, while the other was humorous 53_________ too shallow. I couldn’t see this at first. Yet, in a few months, my brain got reeducated and 54________ could see the difference between good and bad writing and could appreciate literature at a whole new level.

Going to college helps build a strong mind, which leads 55________ greater success in one’s life.

Part Reading Comprehension (30marks)

Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements .For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D .Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage.

A

When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob (烤肉串)hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less.

Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack.

The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration, but the environment is truly charming.

Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner, the restaurant still attracts all customers especially those experienced in the delights of Middle Eastern cooking.

A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, watching news events on TV, drinking a black tea known as Persian chai, an reading local Persian newspapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled with food.

The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large. Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10, so not only is it affordably but practical as well.

The food, especially appeals to health-conscious eaters because each dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and oil and served straight off the grill(烤肉架).

The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs, which are different style of grilled meat.

One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob, which is made of grilled chicken pieces served with either rice or bread. Another great kabob is the Chelo Kabob, kabob consisting of grilled beef.

Although the restaurant is small, the atmosphere and the food is delicious. It is a plan that should not be overlooked.

56. When first entering the restaurant, one can find that it ______.

A. is splendidly decorated.

B. has pleasant smells of kabobs.

C. is crowded with dining table.

D. looks like a common restaurant.

57. What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant?

A. Watching news events on TV.

B. Drinking a kind of black coffee.

C. Reading local English newspaper.

D. Discussing world topics in low voices.

58. The food of the restaurant __________.

A. is served in small amounts.

B. is rather expensive.

C. is rich in variety.

D. is very healthy

59.What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of

A. Rice                  B. Chicken                   C. Bread                       D. Beef

60. It can be inferred from the passage that restaurant __________.

A. occupies a large space

B. owns a favorable location

C. is popular for its special food

D. has a quiet environment inside

B

My father was chief engineer of a merchant ship which was sunk in World War II. The book Night of the U-boats told the story

Memories

In September, 1940my mother ,sister and I went to Swansea ,where my father’s ship was getting ready to sail. We brought him a family photography to be kept with him at all times and keep him safe.

Then I remember my mother lying face down, sobbing. She had heard from a friend that the ship had been sunk by a torpedo (鱼雷).

I can remember the arrival of the telegram(电板),which in those days always brought bad news. My grandmother opened it. It read, “Safe. Love Ted.”

My most vivid memory is being woken and brought down to sit on my father’s knee, his arm in a bandage.

He was judged unfit to return to sea and took a shore job in Glasgow for the rest of the war. For as long as I can remember, he had a weak heart, mother said it was caused by the torpedoes .he said it was because of t he cigarettes. Whichever, he died suddenly in his early 50s.

Ten years later I read Night of the U-boat and was able to complete the story.

Torpedo

One torpedo struck the ship. Father was in the engine room, where the third engineer was killed. He shut down the engines to slow the ship making it easier for it to be abandoned.

By the time he got on deck (甲板) he was alone. Every lifeboat was gone except one which had stuck fast. When he tried to cut it free it swung against the ship, injuring his hand and arm. He had no choice but to jump—still with the photograph in his pocket.

Three days later, he and other survivors were safe in Glasgow. All 23 with him signed the back of the photograph.

A toast

In my room is the book and the photograph. Often, glass in hand, I have wondered how I would have dealt with an explosion, a sinking ship, a jump into a vast ocean and a wait for rescue? Lest (以免) we forget, I have some more whisky and toast the heroes of the war.

61. We can infer that the mother and children went to Swansea ______.

A. to meet a friend                B. to see the father

C. to take a family                D. to enjoy the sailing of the ship

62. What did the author learn about the father from the telegram?

A. He was still alive               B. His knee was broken

C. His ship had been sunk           D. He had arrived in Glasgow

63. The underlined word “it” in paragraph 6 refers to the father’s _____ .

A. weak heart                    B. taking a shore job

C. failure to return                D. injury caused by a torpedo

64. What can we know about the author’s father after his ship was attacked ?

A. He lost his arm.                B. He repaired the engines.

C. He managed to take a lifeboat.     D. He was the last to leave the ship.

65. What is the passage mainly about?

A. A group of forgotten heroes.

B. A book describing a terrifying battle.

C. A ship engineer’s wartime experience.

D. A merchant’s memories of a sea res cue.

C

A recent study of ancient and modern elephant has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct (不同的)species

The discovery was made by researchers at York and Harvard University when they were examining the genetic relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastodon modern elephants—the Asian elephant, African forest elephant, and African savanna elephant.

Once they obtained DNA sequences(序列)from two fossils(化石), mammoths and mastodons, the team compared them with DNA from modern elephants. They found their amazement that modern forest and savanna elephants are as distinct from each other as Asian elephants and mammoths.

The scientists used detailed genetic analysis to prove that the African savanna elephant and the African forest elephant have been distinct species for several million years. The divergence of the two species took place around the time of the divergence of Asian elephants and woolly mammoths. This result amazed all the scientists.

There has long been debate in the scientific community that the two might be separate species, but this is the most convincing scientific evidence so far that they are indeed different species.

Previously, many naturalists believed that African savanna elephants and African forest elephants were two populations of the same species, despite the elephants’ significant size differences. The savanna elephant has an average shoulder height of 3.5 metres while the forest elephant has an average shoulder height of 2.5 metres. The savanna elephant weighs between six and seven tons, roughly double the weight of the forest elephant. But the fact that they look so different does not necessarily mean they are different species. However the proof lay in the analysis of the DNA.

Alfred Roca, assistant professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at t he University of Illinois, said, “We now have to treat the forest and savanna elephants as two difficult units for conservation purpose. Since 1950, all African elephants have been conserved as one species. Now that we know the forest and savanna elephants have been distinct animals, the forest elephant should become a bigger priority(优先)for conservation purposes.”

66. One of the fossils studied by the researchers is that of __________.

A. the Asian elephant                     B. the forest elephant

C. the savanna elephant                   D. the mastodon elephant

67. The underlined word “divergence” in Paragraph 4 means “___________.”

A. evolution                           B. exhibition

C. separation                           D. examination

68. The researchers’ conclusion was based on a study of the African elephant’s __________.

A. DNA                               B. height

C. weight                              D. population

69. What are Alfred Roca’s words mainly about?

A. The conservation of African elephants.

B. The purpose of studying African elephants.

C. The way to divide African elephants into two units.

D. The reason for the distinction of African elephants.

70. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

A. Naturalist’ Beliefs about Elephants

B. Amazing Experiments about Elephants

C. An Unexpected Finding about Elephants

D. A Long Scientific Debate about Elephants

Part Writing 45 marks

Section A10 mark

Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage.

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

A person searches various websites for different reasons, such as school, work, or entertainment. For teenagers, many information resources on the Internet can be used. As a matter of fact, there are educational, music and art websites that are truly helpful to teenagers, because they can help make one’s life easier.

Educational websites are helpful to a teenager in doing school work and searching for a college. Some can help studying for testes, explaining a lesson , and doing homework .Some can help find the right school based on one’s interests. And still others have pages devoted to the social life at each colleges or the species activities that at a certain school.

Some free music sites enable a teenager to diversify their musical tastes. On these sites, all types of music are available such as pop, jazz and countryOne can type in a song, category or artist and his or her entire catalog appears. Then, the listener can make multiple play lists without creating an account(账户) with the site.

There various art web, sites that can help students to appreciate and create art pieces. On these sites, a student can view numerous photos and art pieces from different. Mediums or create an account with the website to upload their art pieces for people to see. In addition, one can enjoy various art people have created on display for the rest of the world.

Truly informative resources offered on the Internet. The best suggestion one can receive is to try to look for new websites that can help in the educational, music, or art area so one can become well-rounded and informed.

Truly Helpful Websites for Teenagers

Many   71   are available on various websites.

I. Educational sites: helping one   72   and search for a college

•Study for tests, explain a lesson , and do homework

•Find the right school that one   73  

•Learn information about college social life and   74 

II. Free music sites:    75    to diversify musical tastes

•Listen to all types of music

•Type in a song, category, or artist to get an entire catalog

•Make multiple playlists   76  

III.    77    : helping one appreciate and create works

•View photos and works from mediums

   78    for others to see

   79   on display

Helpful websites can make teenagers   80  

Sect ion B(10 marks)

Directions: Read the following passage. Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage.

My First Long Run

Two weeks ago, I had a quarrel with my husband .After he had driven off in anger; I realized that I wasn’t going to feel any better just sitting there. Feeling abandoned and guilty, I put on my gym shoes to get some fresh air.

Our driveway has a slope(科技) that is easier just to jog down if you are lazy, taking advantage of gravity. Instead of stopping at the end of the lope, I decided to see if I could just jog to the end of the street. I had tried a few months ago and failed miserably. Since that first attempt I had been jogging regularly and was significantly fitter, but still very lazy. However this time around I managed to reach the stop sign with ease and I figured I would go a little further.

After about o ne kilometer, however, I noticed that my upper body was tense. To make the movement easier I had to relax my body, and tried to take deep breaths of fresh air.

I kept giving myself the excuse to stop. No one would be disappointed. No one would even know. But I didn’t stop. I wanted to keep going harder, better, faster, stronger. To my great surprise, I ran 4.9 km in 31 minutes. When I got back, I had tears in my eyes. I did something I thought I could never do.

It was the first long run of my life. Since then, I have improved my stride(步幅) and time. After every run I feel fitter, happier and motivated to keep progressing. I love the runner’s high. I normally jog because I want to look good. I want to run because it makes me feel good.

81. Why did the author feel guilty?

(NO more than 9 words)                                    (2 marks)

___________________________________________________________________________

82. What did the author fail to do miserably a few months ago?

    (NO more than 11 words)                                    (2 marks)

___________________________________________________________________________

83. What excuses did the author keep giving herself to stop?

 (NO more than 9 words)                                    (3 marks)

___________________________________________________________________________

84. How is running different from jogging to the author?

(NO more than 14words)                                    (3 marks)S

___________________________________________________________________________

Section C (25 marks)

Directions: write on English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

假设你参加所在年级的英文写作比赛,请按照要求完成一篇短文:

1.简要描述下图内容,并点明主题;

2.联系实际,表达该图带给你的启示。

 

注意:1.词数不少于120个;

2. 不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

2011年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)

英语试题答案

1-10. CBCAB         CBACA          11-15. ABBAC

16. by a river         17. Size   18. pretty              19. Reasons    20. 2 weeks

21-30. CBCDC       ABACD   31-35. ABADB

36-45. ADBCC       ADBBA   46-47. DC

48. an            49. two   50. next   51. why 

52. One   53. but           54. I              55. to     

56-60. BADBC       61-65. BAADC       66-70. DCAAC

71. informative resources      72. do school work

73. is interested in         74. specific school activities

75. enabling one                76. without an account

77. art sites                 78. upload art pieces

79. Enjoy art projects         80. well-rounded and informed

81. She had a quarrel with her husband

82. She failed to jog to the end of the street

83. No one would be disappointed or even know

84. Running makes her feel good while jogging makes her look good

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